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API Freshwater Master Test Kit

Item: API34
Availability: In Stock
30.39
Was: $39.99$30.39You Save: $9.60!(24%)

Description

API Freshwater Master Test Kit a complete test kit for testing tap and aquarium water. Tests five different potentially dangerous water conditions.

  • Water Test Kit for Freshwater Aquariums
  • Tests: pH, ammonia, nitrite, nitrate and high range pH
  • Includes: computer-analyzed laminated color cards, instruction booklet, 4 test tubes, a holding tray and test tube rack.
  • Over 800 tests per kit

  • The Freshwater master test kit is a fast, easy, and accurate test kit. It provides information on how to perform each test, how often to perform the tests, what the test results mean, and how to correct any unsafe water conditions that may be detected.

    The kit is complete for testing tap water and aquarium water. It includes pH (6.0 to 7.6), high range pH (7.4 to 8.8), ammonia, nitrite and nitrate tests. The kit also includes an instruction booklet complete with information on water testing, water resistant computer calibrated color charts, test solution bottle for the five freshwater tests, and four glass test tubes with snap-tight caps in holders.

    Useful Information

    PH TEST

    Why Test pH?
    pH is the measure of acidity of water. A ph reading of 7.0 is neutral. ApH higher than 7.0 is alkaline, and a pH lower than 7.0 is acidic. Maintaining the aquarium at the proper pH ensures optimal water quality. The pH should be tested weekly, since natural materials in the aquarium (such as fish waste and uneaten food) can cause pH changes.

    Testing Tips
    The minimum pH reading ofr this kit is 6.0 and the maximum is 7.6. Undfer extreme water conditions, readings below the minimum will read 6.0 and above the maximum will read 7.6. pH adjustments outside the range of this kit will not show any changes untul the pH of the aquarium water is within the range of this kit. When keeping livebearers, goldfish, African Cichlids or marine fish & invertebrates use the APO HIGH RANGE pH TEST KIT.

    DIRECTIONS:
    1. Fill a clean test tube with 5ml of water to be tested (to the line on the tube).
    2. Add 3 drops of pH Test Solution, holding dropper bottle upside down in a completely vertical position to assure uniformity of drops.
    3. Cap the test tube and invert tube several times to mix solution.
    4. Read the test result by comparing the color of the solution to the pH Color Chart. The tube should be viewed in a well-lit area against the white area of the chart. The closest match indicates the pH of the water sample.

    Recommended pH Levels:
    A pH of 7.0 is ideal when keeping a community aquarium containing a variety of tropicla fish. Goldfish and livebearers prefer a pH of 7.5. Many Amazonia fish, like angelfish and neon tetras, prefer pH of 6.5 to 6.8. Mollies and swordtails thrive at pH 7.2 to 7.5. To raise or lower the pH of a freshwater aquarium, use API pH UP® or pH DOWN®. To automatically adjust pH to a preset level, use API PROPER pH® 6.5, 7.0, or 7.5.

    HIGH RANGE pH TEST

    Why Test pH?
    pH is the measure of acidity of water. A ph reading of 7.0 is neutral. ApH higher than 7.0 is alkaline, and a pH lower than 7.0 is acidic. Maintaining the aquarium at the proper pH ensures optimal water quality. The pH should be tested weekly, since natural materials in the aquarium (such as fish waste and uneaten food) can cause pH changes.

    Testing Tips
    The minimum pH reading for this kit is 7.4 and the maximum is 8.8. Under extreme water conditions, readings below the minimum will read 7.4 and above the maximum will read 8.8. pH adjustments outside the ranfe of this kit will not show any changes untul the pH of the aquarium water is within the range of this kit.

    DIRECTIONS:
    1. Fill a clean test tube with 5ml of water to be tested (to the line on the tube).
    2. Add 5 drops of pH Test Solution, holding dropper bottle upside down in a completely vertical position to assure uniformity of drops.
    3. Cap the test tube and invert tube several times to mix solution.
    4. Read the test result by comparing the color of the solution to the pH Color Chart. The tube should be viewed in a well-lit area against the white area of the chart. The closest match indicates the pH of the water sample. Rinse the test tube with clean water after use.

    Recommended pH Levels:
    A pH of 7.5 is ideal for most live-bearing fish, such as mollies & swordtails. Goldfish will also thrive at a pH of 7.5. African cichlids prefer a pH of 8.2. Marine fish & invertebrates require a pH between 8.2-8.4. To raise of lower the pH of a freshwater aquarium, use API pH UP or pH DOWN. Also, API PROPER pH 7.5 may be used to automatically adjust & hold pH at 7.5. PROPER pH 8.2 may be used in African cichlid and saltwater aquariums.

    AMMONIA TEST

    Why Test Ammonia?
    Fish continually release ammonia (NH3) directly into the aquarium/pond through their gills, urine, and solid waste. Uneaten food and other decaying organic matter also add ammonia to the water. A natural mechanism exists that controls ammonia in the aquarium/pond-the biological filter. However, as with any natural process, imbalances can occur. So, testing for the presence of toxic ammonia is essential. Ammonia in the aquarium/pond may damage gill membranes, and prevent fish from carrying on normal respiration. High levels of ammonia quickly lead to dish death. Even trace amounts stress fish, suppressing their immune sustem and increasing the likelihood of disease. Using API QUICK START® will jelp accelerate the development of the biological filter.

    Testing Tips
    This salicylate-based ammonia test kit reads the total ammonia level in parts per million (ppm) [equivalent to milligrams per liter (mg/L)] from 0-8.0 ppm (mg/L).

    DIRECTIONS:
    1. Fill a clean test tube with 5ml of water to be tested )to the line on the tube).
    2. Add 8 drops from Ammonia Test Solution #1, holding the dropper bottle upside down in a completely vertical position to assire uniformity of drops.
    3. Add 8 drops from Ammonia Test Solution #2, holding the dropper bottle upside down in a completely vertical position to assure uniformity of drops.
    4. Cap the test tube & shake vigorously for 5 seconds.
    5. Wait 5 minutes for the color to develop.
    6. Read the test result by comparing the color of the solution to the Ammonia Color Chart. The tube shoul dbe viewed in a well-lit area against the white area of the chart. The closest match indicates the ppm (mg/L) of ammonia in the water sample. Rinse the test tube with clean water after use. NOTE: Do not pour test tube contents back into the aquarium.

    Reducing Ammonia Levels
    In a new aquarium or pond the ammonia level may rise and then fall rapidly as the biological filter becomes established. The ammonia will be converted to nitrite (also toxic), then to nitrate. This process may take several weeks. Its is recommended to use API QUICK START to help establish the biological filter, lower ammonia and nitrite, and reduce the risk of fish loss. In an established aquarium, the ammonia level should always remain at 0ppm (mg/L); any level above 0 can harm fish. To reduce rish of fish loss, if ammonia levels continue to test high in your aquarium or pond (4 ppm or mg/L), perform a water change of 25% or more, then add APO AMMO LOCK® to quickly detocify ammonia. AMMO LOCK will convert ammonia to a non-toxic from. The Ammonia test kit will still test positive for ammonia, even though treating with AMMO LOCK has made it non-toxic. A daily water change may be required over several days. Be sure to use a water conditioner, such as STRESS COAT®, when adding tap water back into the aquarium.

    NITRITE TEST

    Why Test For Nitrite?
    Nitrite (NO2-) is produced in the aquairum/ pond by the biological filter. Beneficial filter. Beneficial bacteria in the biological filter convert ammonia into nitrite. The biological filter then converts nitrite into nitrate (NO3-). Nitrite in the aquairum/pond is toxic; it will prevent fish from carrying on normal respiration, and high levels will quickly lead to fish death. Even trace amounts of nitrite stress fish, suppressing their immune system and increasing the likelihood of disease. Too many fish, as well as uneaten fish food and decomposing plants and other organic matter can cause excessive nitrite levels. Water should be tested for nitrite every other day when the aquarium/pond is first set up, and once a week after the biological filter has been established (in about 4-6 weeks). Using API QUICK START will help accelerate the development of the biological filter.

    Testing Tips
    This test kit reads total nitrite (NO2-) level in parts per million (ppm) which are equivalent to milligrams per liter (mg/L) from 0-5.0 ppm (mg/L).

    Directions:
    1. Fill a clean test tube with 5ml of water to be tested (to the line on the tube).
    2. Add 5 drops of Nitrite Test Solution, holding dropper bottle upside down in a completely vertical position to assure uniformity of drops.
    3. Cap the test tube and shake for 5 seconds.
    4. Wait 5 minutes for the color to develop.
    5. Read the test results by comparing the color of the solition to the Nitrite Color Chart. The tube should be viewed in a well-lit area against the white area of the chart. The closest match indicates the ppm (mg/L0 of nitrite in the water sample. Rinse the test tube with clean water after use.

    What the Test Results Mean
    In new aquariums/ponds the nitrite level will gradually climb to 5 ppm (mg/L) or more. As the biological filter becomes established, nitrite levels will drop to 0 ppm (mg/L). In an established aquarium, the nitrite level should always remain at 0; any level avobe 0 can harm fish. The presence of nitrite indicates possible over-feeding, too many fish, or inadequate biological filtration.

    Reducing Aquarium Nitrite Levels
    Add APO NITRA-ZORB®/AQUA DETOX to the aquarium filter to remove nitrite from freshwater aquariums. Making partial water changes can also help reduce nitrite, especially if the initial level is very high. Use APO QUICK START to kelp spped the development of the biological filter. Adding APi AQUARIUM SALT will reduce nitrite toxicity to fish while the biological filter is removing the nitrite.

    NITRATE TEST

    Why Test For Nitrate?
    Nitrate (NO3-) is produced in the aquarium by the biological filter. Beneficial bacteria in the biological filter convert toxic ammonia and nitrite into nitrate. A high nitrate level indicates a build-up of fish waste and organic compounds, resulting in poor water quality and contributing to the likelihood of fish disease. Maintaining a low nitrate level improves the health of fish & invertebrates. Excessive nitrate also provides a nitrogen source that can stimulate algal blooms. Aquarium water should be tested for nitrate once a week to make sure the nitrate does not reach an undesirable level.

    Testing Tips
    This test kit reads total nitrate (NO3-) level in parts per million (ppm) which are equivalent to milligrams per liter (mg/L) from 0-160 ppm.

    Directions:
    1. Fill a clean test tube with 5ml of water to be tested (to the line on the tube).
    2. Add 10 drops from Nitrate Test Soution #1, holding dropper bottle upside down in a completely vertical position to assire uniformity of drops.
    3. Cap the test tube & invert tube several times to mix solution.
    4. Vigorously shake the Nitrate Test Solution #2 for at least 30 seconds. This step is extremely important to insure accuracy of test results.
    5. Now add 10 drops from Nitrate Test Solution #2, holding dropper bottle upside down in a completely vertical position to assure uniformity of drops.
    6. Cap the test tube and shake vigorously for 1 minute. This step is extremely important to insure accuracy of test results.
    7. Wait 5 minutes for the color to develop.
    8. Read the test results by comparing the color of the solution to the NItrate Color Chart. The tube should be viewed in a well-lit area against the white area of the card. The closest match indicates the ppm (mg/L) of nitrate in the water sample. Rinse the test tube with clean water after use.

    What the Test Results Mean
    In new aquarium the nitrate level will gradually climb as the biological filter becomes established. A nitrate level of 40 ppm (mg/L) or less is recommended for freshwater aquariums. In marine aquariums, it is best to keep nitrate as low as possible, especially when keeping invertebrates.

    Reducing NItrate Levels
    Add API NITRA-ZORB® /AQUA-DETOX to the filter to remove nitrate from freshwater aquariums. Making partial water changes can also help reduce nitrate, especially if the level is very high. However, because many tap water supplies contain nitrate, it can be difficult to lower nitrate levels by this method.

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